The Cuban population is a melting pot of ethnic mixes from every corner of the world. In the early days, slaves cross- bred with masters creating the mulattos of today. Later, people of Russian, Chinese, and European descent created the make up of today’s Cuba. Nevertheless, three dominant societies blended, giving shape to the Cuban nation. The first of these societies were the aborigines. It is for this reason, the more significant roots in the Cuban nationality are Spanish and African. During the first century, after the Spanish conquests, most groups came from Castile, southern Spain. Later there was a massive migration from the Canary Islands, Galicia, and Catalonia into Cuba. During the last century, eastern European and Chinese immigrants further enriched the unique racial mix which makes up Cuba today.
African roots also influenced the development of Cuban culture. Arriving slaves working at the plantations gave rise to cultural associations among the African communities. In the present definition of Cuban culture, these three roots shape the basis of traditions, culture and popular beliefs.